Rajgir (originally known as Girivraj) The city of Rajgir (ancient Rājagṛha; Pali: Rājagaha; Hindi: राजगृह) was the first capital of the kingdom of Magadha, a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. Its date of origin is unknown, although ceramics dating to about 1000 BC have been found in the city. Rajgir is located 15 kms from Nalanda and 100 km from Patna in Bihar. Rajgir (Rajgriha) meaning the abode of Kings, has been mentioned first in the ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata. It has been estimated by scholars that the city must be at least 3000 years old. Rajgir has been closely related to Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism and has played host to Lord Buddha and Mahavira, thus has many archaeological sites related to Buddhism and Jainism.
Moreover, Rajgir is one of the leading health and winter resorts of India, with its warm water ponds. These ponds are said to contain some medicinal properties which help in the cure of many skin diseases. The added attraction of Rajgir is a Ropeway which takes visitors uphill to the Shanti Stupa and Monasteries built by the Japanese Devotees on top of the Ratnagiri hills.
How to Reach
Rajgir is well connected by road to Patna (110 km), Nalanda ( 15 km), Gaya (78 km), Pawapuri (38 km), Bihar Sharif (25 km). Regular Bus Services are available from all these locations. BSTDC runs daily Air-Conditioned Buses between Patna and Bodh Gaya via Rajgir.
Cabs on Hire and Taxis are readily available from all major places. Fares are negotiable.
The Nearest Airport is JPN International Airport in Patna (110 km). Patna is well linked to all major Indian cities including Kolkata, Bombay, Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Ranchi, Lucknow.
Rajgir is also connected to Gaya International Airport(78 km) which is connected to International Destinations like Bangkok, Colombo, Thimphu etc.
Rajgir itself has a Railway Station (RGD) which is connected to Patna, Kolkata and New Delhi via daily trains. Shramjeevi Express connects it to New Delhi while Buddha Purnima Express connects it to Varanasi. Rajgir Express connects it to Danapur, while Rajgir-Howrah Passenger Train connects it to Kolkata.< br> Rajgir is well connected to Gaya Railway Station (GAYA), which is one India’s busiest rail routes.